Hrvatska Akademija Znanosti i Umjetnosti

Hrvatska Kristalografska Zajednica


Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts

Croatian Crystallographic Association




Rovinj 2015

Rječnik kristalografije

Suvremena kristalografija u Hrvatskoj

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Crystallography in Croatia

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Crystallography in Croatia


 Mineralogy & Petrology

 General & Inorganic Chemistry


 Material sciences

 Chemical & Biological Crystallography

 Solid state chemistry



































































1. Introduction

Stanko Popović

Crystallography in Croatia has a long tradition. The University courses in Mineralogy started already in the last decades of the 19th century. Mladen Paić used powder diffraction in his PhD studies at Sorbonne, Paris, in the thirties of the 20th century. As the Head of the Physics Department, University of Zagreb, appointed in 1946, he strongly supported research in crystallography. Drago Grdenić started to study crystal structure of mercury compounds by single crystal XRD in Moscow in 1946-48 in the laboratory of A. I. Kitaygorodsky. In 1948 he continued his research in Zagreb, where he founded X-ray crystal structure analysis. Soon a group of talented younger crystallographers (Katarina Kranjc, Stjepan Šćavničar, Antun Bonefačić, Aleksandar Bezjak, Boris Kamenar, Boris Matković, Zvonimir Ban, Milan Sikirica, Mladen Topić, Biserka Kojić-Prodić, Stanko Popović) was  formed, studying crystal structure and microstructure.

   In 1966 the crystallographers in the former Yugoslavia established an association named the Yugoslav Centre of Crystallography (YCCr), which acted under the auspices of the Yugoslav (now: Croatian) Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb. D. Grdenić was elected the President and B. Kamenar the Secretary of YCCr. That same year, YCCr was accepted to IUCr (at the General Assembly of IUCr in Moscow, during the 7th Congress of IUCr). Most of the members of YCCr performed their research in Croatia. From 1966 to 1991, 25 annual crystallographic conferences were held in Yugoslavia, most of them were organized by the YCCr members from Croatia and Slovenia. The invited speakers at those conferences were  eminent crystallographers from abroad ( among others Mario Nardelli, Giuseppe Allegra, Mario Mammi, Gastone Gilli, Davide Viterbo and Lucio Randaccio-Italy, Alajos Kalman-Hungary, Sidney Cyril Abrahams- USA, Ivar Olovsson-Sweden, Mihail Porai Koshic and Yuri Struchkov-USSR, John Helliwell, C. Keith Prout and Nobel laureate Dorothy Hodgkin-UK). Also, 6 joint Italian-Yugoslav crystallographic conferences were organized in that period, thanking to a friendly cooperation with Italian Crystallographic Association.  All those activities established strong ties among crystallographers in Croatia and scientists abroad; many crystallographers from Croatia specialized in prominent international laboratories. A number of scientists from other republics of the former Yugoslavia obtained MSc and PhD degrees in Zagreb.

   In the seventies and eighties of the 20th century the laboratories in Zagreb were equiped with modern instruments  for XRD, TEM and associated methods, enabling researsh of crystal structure of inorganic, organometallic and organic compounds, as well as microstructure at ambient and elevated temperature. YCCr published a journal, the Annual of the Yugoslav Centre of Crystallography, containing (in English) papers based on plenary lectures and abstracts of short contributions given at annual conferences, the lists of papers of the YCCr members published in journals, the titles of MSc and PhD theses of the YCCr members, and minutes of annual YCCr Assembly meetings.  YCCr was also a member of the European Crystallographic Committee ( ECC ); B. Kamenar was the Vice-President and President of ECC in the period 1978-84. Thanks to  the confidence of ECC in YCCr, the 13th European Crystallographic Meeting should have been organized in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in 1991 by YCCr. Due to the agression on Slovenia and Croatia, the ECM13 was transferred toTrieste ( two months before the Meeting was planned) thanks to good relations among crystallographers in Italy (L.Randaccio), Croatia (B. Kamenar) and Slovenia (L.Golič). The main Meeting lecture was given by the Nobel laureate Robert Huber (Germany), and a satelite meeting, Synchrotron radiation in Crystallography, was also organized.

   After desintegration of Yugoslavia and proclamation of independence of Croatia in 1991, the Presidency of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb, made a decision of ceasing the existence and activities of  YCCr. The Presidency also decided to appoint members of the Initiative Board ( B. Kamenar, B. Kojić Prodić,  S. Popović, B. Gržeta ) who would suggest the necessary steps for foundation of a crystallographic association, as the successor of YCCr. Following the unanimous suggestion of crystallographers in Croatia, the Precidency of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts founded the Croatian Crystallographic Association (CCA) on February 28, 1992 and approved the Statutes of  CCA.  Boris Kamenar was elected the President and Stanko Popović the Secretary of CCA. The same year,  CCA was accepted to the European Crystallographic Association (at the Meeting of ECA, Enschede, during ECM14) , and to IUCr in 1993 ( at the General Assembly of IUCr in Beijing, during the 16th  Congress of IUCr).  

   Since 1992, CCA and the Slovenian Crystallographic Society organize annual joint Crystallographic Meetings with international participation, alternatively in Slovenia and in Croatia. The  reports on the Meetings can be found in the  IUCr Newsletter.  Many famous crystallographers have been invited speakers at these Meetings ( among others, Carmelo Giacovazzo and Giuseppe Zanotti-Italy, Menahem Kaftory-Israel, Istvan Hargittay-Hungary, Mariusz Jaskolski-Poland, William Duax-USA, Howard Flack and Nenad Ban-Switzerland, Panče Naumov-Japan, Robert Dinnebier and Hartmut Fuess-Germany, Boštjan Kobe-Australia, Eleanor and Guy Dodson-UK, Ekkehart Tillmanns-Austria). The papers based on plenary lectures are published in journals Croatica Chemica Acta (for Meetings held in Croatia) and in Acta Chimica Slovenica (for Meetings held in Slovenia). For instance, crystallographers from 13 countries attendetd the Meeting in 2007. In 2010 the Meeting is held in Slovenia, and in 2011 in Croatia (traditionally in the middle of June). The members of CCA actively participated in edition of a special issue of Croatica Chemica Acta, Vol. 82 (2009), the Festschrift dedicated to academician Drago Grdenić, the honorary Chair of CCA, on the occasion of his 90th birthday.  Davor Balzar (now in USA) was a member of the IUCr Commission on Powder Diffraction, Biserka Kojić Prodić is a Co-editor of Acta Cryst C, and Stanko Popović was a member of the EPDIC Committee.

   Nowadays, about one hundred scientists are gathered in CCA, and crystallography is the main field of  research in at least ten laboratories ( universities, scientific institutes, industry). Thanks to modern equipments, computing facilities and international cooperation (e.g. GI SAXS at Elettra, Trieste), the crystallographers in Croatia now study biologically active molecules, proteins, medium and big organometallic molecules, pharmaceuticals, microstructure of composites and its relation to properties, and other crystallographic topics of interest in chemistry, biology, physics and mineralogy. Short reports on research in several prominent laboratories in Croatia are given below.

   The members of the Executive Committee of CCA (since  January 12, 2006; reelected on May 5, 2009) are:    

  1. Marija Luić, Secretary,     

  2. Dubravka Matković Čalogović, Vice Chair,

  3. Stanko Popović, Chair,

  4. Darko Tibljaš,                                                                                   

  5. Antun Tonejc,                                                                        

  6. Aleksandar Višnjevac,                                                           

  7. Kristian Vlahoviček,                                                             

  8. Boris Kamenar, Honorary Chair,                                      

The activities of the Executive Committee should be approved at annual meetings of the Assembly of CCA, gathering all members of CCA. More details on CCA can be found at Logo of CCA contains the abbreviation of CCA in Croatian, hkz (Hrvatska kristalografska zajednica ), Miller indices, hkl, and coordinates of atoms, xyz, all bounded with the national flag, red, white, blue (author of logo  Biserka Gržeta, CCA member).

Uredništvo mrežnih stranica HKZ: Ana Šantić i Aleksandar Višnjevac

Stranice su osvježene 29.08.2014 16:47